Butler, Joseph

   Theologian, b. at Wantage, s. of a Presbyterian linen-draper, was destined for the ministry of that Church, but in 1714 he decided to enter the Church of England, and went to Oxf. After holding various other preferments he became rector of the rich living of Stanhope, Bishop of Bristol (1738), and Bishop of Durham (1750), and was said to have refused the Primacy. In 1726 he pub. Fifteen Sermons, and in 1736 The Analogy of Religion. These two books are among the most powerful and original contributions to ethics and theology which have ever been made. They depend for their effect entirely upon the force of their reasoning, for they have no graces of style. B. was an excellent man, and a diligent and conscientious churchman. Though indifferent to general literature, he had some taste in the fine arts, especially architecture. B.'s works were ed. by W.E. Gladstone (2 vols. 1896), and there are Lives by Bishop W. Fitzgerald, Spooner (1902), and others, see also History of English Thought in 18th Century, by Leslie Stephen.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Butler, Joseph — (1692–1752)    Bishop and Theologian.    Butler was born in Wantage in England and was brought up as a Presbyterian. He became a member of the Church of England and was educated at the University of Oxford. After ordination in 1718, he served… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Butler, Joseph — born May 18, 1692, Wantage, Berkshire, Eng. died June 16, 1752, Bath, Somerset British bishop and moral philosopher. He became dean of St. Paul s Cathedral in 1740 and bishop of Durham in 1750. His works defended revealed religion against the… …   Universalium

  • Butler, Joseph — (1692 1752)    An Anglican bishop, theologian and apologist against deism, Butler contributed to both philosophy of religion and ethics. In his day The Analogy of Religion (1736) was a widely celebrated attack on deism, which draws an analogy… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Butler, Joseph — (1692–1752) English moral philosopher. Born of a Presbyterian family, Butler was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, and became a minister of the Church of England, where he rose to be Bishop of Durham, as well as the spiritual adviser of Queen… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Butler, Joseph — (18 may. 1692, Wantage, Berkshire, Inglaterra–16 jun. 1752, Bath, Somerset). Arzobispo y filósofo de la moral británico. Fue nombrado deán de la catedral de San Pablo en 1740 y obispo de Durham en 1750. En sus obras defendió la religión revelada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Butler, Joseph — See British moralists of the eighteenth century …   History of philosophy

  • BUTLER, JOSEPH —    an eminent English divine, born at Wantage, in Berks; born a Dissenter; conformed to the Church of England; became preacher at the Rolls, where he delivered his celebrated Sermons, the first three of which contributed so much to the stability… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BUTLER, Joseph — (1692 1752)    English philosopher and ANGLICAN BISHOP who deplored enthusiasm. His book The Analogy of Religion (1736) is a profound attack on DEISM and a thorough refutation of deistic views …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Joseph Butler — Butler, Joseph …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Joseph Butler — (* 18. Mai 1692 in Wantage; † 16. Juni 1752 in Bath) war ein englischer Bischof der anglikanischen Kirche in Durham[1] und Bristol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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